Ordinances

Abandoned Vehicles


ZONING ORDINANCE
Section 10.14 JUNK OR INOPERABLE CARS, TRUCKS OR VEHICLES
No property owner in any district may maintain, or allow to be maintained, any junk or inoperable cars, trucks, trailers, motorcycles, machinery or other similar equipment or vehicles on the premises. Any vehicle not bearing a valid vehicle registration license plate shall be considered inoperable under the terms of this ordinance.

Animals


SECTION 12.3 BARKING DOGS - 200.1203
No person shall permit any dog to continue any loud and unnecessary barking, which either annoys, disturbs, injures or endangers the comfort, repose, health, peace or safety of the neighborhood, nor shall any person keep any animal which by causing frequent or long continued noise shall disturb the comfort or repose of any persons in the vicinity. The making or causing of such disturbances is declared to be a public nuisance.


SECTION 12.6. REGULATIONS OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS AND LIVESTOCK - 200.1206
a. No person shall keep or maintain any livestock within the City of Bridgman except in licensed stables, pet shops or kennels.
b. No person shall permit any domestic animal to create any loud or offensive noise, calls or yells which either annoy, disturb, injure or endanger the comfort, repose, health, peace or safety of the neighborhood, nor shall any person keep any domestic animal which by causing frequent or long continued noise shall disturb the comfort or repose of any persons in the vicinity. The making or causing of such disturbance is declared to be a public nuisance.
c. No person shall permit any domestic animal to go beyond the premises of the owner unless:
1. The domestic animal is properly controlled by leash (not to exceed ten feet), caged or tethered in such fashion as to provide control of such domestic animal;
2. No person shall permit any domestic animal to continue in any public building, or any public road or on any public beach, or on any public land, unless under complete and adequate restraint. Further, the owner or person in control of any domestic animal shall remove any animal waste or feces discharged or deposited by such animal on private property of other or upon any public land, beach, park, road or other public property. The depositing of domestic animal waste or feces is declared to be a public nuisance. d. A dog which is used as a guide or leader dog for a blind person, a hearing dog for a deaf or audibly impaired person or a service dog for a physically limited person is not subject to the provisions of the Domestic Animal Regulations provisions of this Ordinance. As used in this Section, the following terms are defined as:
1. “Audibly Impaired” means audibly impaired as defined in Section 1 of Act No. 82 of the Public Acts of 1981, being Section 752.61 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
2. “Blind Person” means a blind person as defined in Section 1 of Act No. 260 of the Public Acts of 1978, being Section 393.351 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
3. “Deaf Person” means a deaf person as defined in Section 1 of Act No. 82 of the Public Acts of 1981, being Section 752.61 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
4. “Physically limited” means physically limited as defined in Section 1 of Act No. 1 of the Public Acts of 1966, being Section 125.1351 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
(Amended by Ordinance No. 142, adopted July 19, 1999)
SECTION 12.7 PENALTY - 200.1207
A person who violates this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor. (Amended by Ordinance No. 142, adopted July 19, 1999) CHAPTER 13


Barking Dogs


SECTION 12.3 BARKING DOGS - 200.1203
No person shall permit any dog to continue any loud and unnecessary barking, which either annoys, disturbs, injures or endangers the comfort, repose, health, peace or safety of the neighborhood, nor shall any person keep any animal which by causing frequent or long continued noise shall disturb the comfort or repose of any persons in the vicinity. The making or causing of such disturbances is declared to be a public nuisance.



Curfew


CURFEW ORDINANCE
Ordinance No. 82, effective February 7, 1982 as amended by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998 2010
AN ORDINANCE TO REGULATE THE HOURS WHICH MINOR CHILDREN, UNDER THE AGE OF SEVENTEEN (17) YEARS SHALL BE PERMITTED TO BERRIEN COUNTY UPON THE PUBLIC STREETS, OR IN ANY PUBLIC PLACE IN THE CITY OF BRIDGMAN, WITHOUT BEING IN THE PRESENCE OF THEIR PARENTS OR GUARDIANS, OR SOME ADULT PERSON DELEGATED BY THE PARENTS OR GUARDIANS, AND TO PROVIDE PENALTIES FOR THE VIOLATION OF THIS ORDINANCE. (Amended by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998)


THE CITY OF BRIDGMAN ORDAINS:
SECTION 1. TITLE - 2011
This Ordinance shall be known and may be cited as the City of Bridgman Curfew Ordinance.

SECTION 2. PURPOSE - 2012
This Ordinance is enacted for the purpose of regulating the hours during which a child under the age of seventeen (17) years may appear upon the public streets or in any public place in the City of Bridgman without being in the presence of their parents or guardians, or some adult person delegated by their parents or guardians: and to regulate such activities in the interest of the perseverance of the public health, safety and general welfare. (Amended by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998)

SECTION 3. CURFEW - 2013
It shall be unlawful for any minor under the age of seventeen (17) years to loiter, idle, wander, stroll, play, pleasure ride, park or be in or on any type of vehicle whatsoever, or be or remain in, on or about any public street, highway, road, alley, park, playground, or other public grounds, public places and public buildings, vacant lots, places of amusement or entertainment, or other unsupervised places in the City of Bridgman between the hours of 11 p.m. to 6 a.m., official City time, of the following days: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of each week and between the hours of 12:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m., official City time, of the following days: Friday and Saturday of each week; provided, however, that the provisions of this section do not apply to a minor accompanied by his or her parent, guardian, or other adult person having the care and custody of the minor, or where the minor is upon an emergency errand or when the minor is going to, attending or coming directly from a legitimate church, municipal or school function, or to a minor whose lawful employment makes it necessary that such minor be in, on or about the places herein set forth within the prohibited hours contrary to the terms hereof. (Amended by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998)

SECTION 4. PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY - 2014
It shall be unlawful for any parent, guardian, or other adult person having the care and custody of any minor under the age of seventeen (17) years to allow or permit any such minor to loiter, idle, wander, stroll, play, pleasure ride, park, or be in or on any type of vehicle whatsoever, or be or remain in, on or about any public street, highway, road, alley, park, playground or other public grounds, public places and public buildings, vacant lots, places of amusement or entertainment, or other unsupervised places in the City of Bridgman contrary to the provisions of and within the time prohibited in Section 3. It shall further be unlawful for any parent, guardian or other adult person having the care and custody of any minor under the age of seventeen (17) years to fail or neglect to cause any such minor to refrain from being in, on or about the places set forth in Section 3 within the time prohibited contrary to the terms and provisions of this Ordinance. (Amended by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998)

SECTION 5. LACK OF KNOWLEDGE - 2015
(Repealed by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998)

SECTION 6. AMUSEMENT PLACES - 2016
It shall be unlawful for any person operating places of amusement and entertainment in the City of Bridgman, including, but not limited to, bowling alleys, theaters, pool halls, dance halls, or placing having amusement devices such as pin ball and video game machines, to permit any minor under the age of seventeen (17) years to enter such places of amusement and entertainment during the hours prohibited by the terms of Section 3; provided, however, that the provisions of this section do not apply when the minor is accompanied by his or her parent, guardian or other adult person having the care and custody of the minor. (Amended by Ordinance No. 135, dated September 14, 1998)

SECTION 7. CUSTODY - 2017
Any minor found by any police officer in violation of Section 3 [64.103] of this Ordinance shall be taken into custody by said police officer and delivered as soon as may be to the parent, guardian or other adult person having the lawful care and custody of said minor.

SECTION 8. NOTICE TO PARENTS - 2018
Whenever any minor shall be taken into custody, as hereinbefore provided, written notice shall be given the parent, guardian or other person having the lawful care and custody of said minor in the form hereinafter provided, which notice shall be served upon such person by handing said person a copy of the same personally or by leaving a copy thereof at his or her place of residence and informing any person upon the premises of suitable age and understanding of the contents thereof. Such notice shall be in substantially the following manner:

To: ________________________________

You are hereby notified that on the _____ day of ____________, 19__, your minor child named ________________________________ was taken into custody for being upon the streets of the City of Bridgman in violation of the City of Bridgman “Curfew Ordinance”.

You are further notified that failure to observe the provisions of this Ordinance may result in your liability for the penalty provided.

________________________________
Officer, Bridgman Police Department

SECTION 9. MUNICIPAL CIVIL INFRACTION - 2019
Any person who violates any of the provisions of this Ordinance shall be responsible for a municipal civil infraction and shall be subject to a fine of not less than $50, plus costs, damages, expenses and other sanctions as herein provided, for each civil infraction. A subsequent or repeat violation by the same individual of the same alleged violation within six (6) months shall carry a fine of $250 plus costs, damages, expenses, and other sanctions as herein provided and any subsequent repeat occurrences shall carry a fine of $500 plus costs, damages, expenses and other sanctions as herein provided.
Authorized Municipal Officials for the purpose of issuing municipal civil infraction citations and municipal civil infraction notices under the provisions of this Ordinance shall, in addition to police officers, include the following: Park Superintendent or City Superintendent. (Amended by Ordinance No. 135, effective September 14, 1998)

SECTION 10. REPEALER - 201.010
Any Ordinance of the City of Bridgman enacted prior to his Ordinance, which is in conflict herewith, is hereby expressly repealed.

SECTION 11. SEVERABILITY CLAUSE - 201.011
Should any section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this Ordinance be declared by a Court to be invalid, the same shall not affect the validity of the Ordinance as a whole, or any part thereof other than the part so invalid; it being the intention of the City Commission that each part, paragraph, sentence or any part thereof is separate from the rest of this Ordinance.

SECTION 12. ADOPTION - 201.012
This Ordinance is deemed necessary for the health, safety and welfare of the citizens of Bridgman and is adopted at a regular meeting of the City Commission duly called this 17th day of August, 1998 and shall become effective in twenty (20) days and is ordered to be given publication in the manner prescribed by law. (Effective September 14, 1998)


Firearms


SECTION 11.1 DISCHARGING OF FIREARMS - 200.1101
No person shall fire, shoot, set off, or trigger any air gun, spring gun, cross bow or firearm or any dangerous weapon or instrument in the City of Bridgman, except in the lawful defense of his person or property or as otherwise permitted by law.



Fireworks


Fireworks in Michigan
Michigan Law, 1931 PA 328, as amended, MCL 750.243; MSA 28.440, regulates the sale, possession, transportation, and use of fireworks devices within the state.


Legal Devices
See 1931 PA 328, as amended, for complete language of the act:
-Flat paper caps containing not more than .25 of a grain of explosive content per cap
-Toy pistols, toy cannons, toy canes, toy trick noise makers, and toy guns in which paper caps are used
-Sparklers containing no more than .0125 pounds of burning portion per sparkler
-Flitter sparklers in paper tubes not exceeding 1/8 inch in diameter
-Cone and cylinder fountains (emits showers of sparks)
-Toy snakes not containing mercury and packed no more than 12 per box
-Toy smoke devices

Note: Possession, transportation, sale, or use of signal flares of a type approved by the director of the Department of State Police, blank cartridges or blank cartridge pistols specifically for a show or theater, for the training or exhibiting of dogs, for signal purposes in athletic sports, for use by military organizations, and all items used by railroads for emergency signal purposes do not require a permit.

Permit Process
Persons who would like to conduct a fireworks display using regulated devices must contact the governing body of the jurisdiction where the proposed display will be conducted.

Forms will be distributed by the Office of the State Fire Marshal to local units of government only. A local unit of government is defined as a council or commission for a city or village and a township board for a township.

Applicants should be prepared to do the following:

-Submit application to local governing body
-Submit proof of training and qualifications to conduct a pyrotechnic display
-Submit proof of financial responsibility (insurance or bond)
-Submit general plan to local governing body outlining how the display will be conducted
-Demonstrate knowledge of recommended safety requirements as outlined in National Fire Protection Association pamphlets No. 1123, 1124, and 1126.

Local governing body should:

-Examine application thoroughly
-Examine proof of training and qualifications, rule on competency
-Examine proof of financial responsibility (local governing body determines the required amount of insurance or bond)
- Examine applicant’s knowledge of recommended safety standards as outlined in National Fire Protection Association pamphlets No. 1123, 1124, and 1126.
-Consult with your attorney for advice on legal issues related to fireworks displays.

Transportation and storage of fireworks

Permits are required to transport or store any device other than those listed as not requiring a permit. Generally, a one-story, non-combustible building is required. See 1931 PA 328, as amended, for specific storage requirements.

Fireworks must be transported in compliance with rules promulgated by the Michigan State Police, Motor Carrier Division. Contact the Hazardous Materials Section for specific transportation issues.

Violations
Violations of 1931 PA 328, as amended, are a misdemeanor offense.

Additional Information
For more information contact the State Fire Marshal at 517-241-8847


Freedom of Information Act


Under the State of Michigan Freedom of Information Act an individual may request a copy of a police report which is not currently under investigation.The requestor must provide the department with enough information to find the report in question. The department has 5 business days to fulfill the request and an additional 10 days in unusual or extensive requests. The department has the right to charge a reasonable retrieval and copying fee, which must be paid prior to receiving the information requested. The Police Department currently charges $5 for a copy of an accident report or complaint report.



Front/Side Yard


CITY OF BRIDGMAN TRAFFIC CONTROL ORDER
No person shall park a vehicle on the front, side or rear yard as defined in Section 10.19 of the City of Bridgman Zoning Ordinance except within a driveway servicing said property.



Holiday Parking Pass


CITY OF BRIDGMAN TRAFFIC CONTROL ORDER No: 01-07


In accordance with the City of Bridgman Ordinance 38 and TCO 01-04, a police officer shall issue a civil infraction parking citation to a vehicle parked on a city street between the hours of 2 Am and 6 Am from Nov 1st to March 31st seven days a week.

For the recognized holidays of Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter, the week before and the week after the holiday, parking passes may be issued to residents who have out of town guests and do not have enough room to park in their driveways.

When the residents call the police department and request a pass, the officer shall obtain the dates, location, make, model and reason for the pass and post it on the overnight parking pass list. This list shall be posted on the bulletin board and reviewed each night by the officer prior to the issuance of parking tickets.

If a person on a pass list is issued a parking citation, the citation shall be dismissed when the error is discovered.
At any other time other than a recognized holiday, if a resident calls requesting a pass due to the fact that their car has broken down, the officer may at his discretion issue a parking pass for that night.

The residents requesting the pass shall be informed at the time of the issuance of the pass, that in the event that it snows over 3 inches and the city plows are called out to plow the streets, then all passes become null and void and citations will be issued.


Loud Music


ADMENDMENT TO ORDINANCE 109 Penal Code - 200.0100
200.1200 - Chapter 12 Nuisances
Add Section 12.6 LOUD MUSIC
No person operating or in control of a parked or moving motor vehicle (including motorcycles and mopeds) shall operate, or permit operation of, an electronically amplified sound system in or on the vehicle so as to produce sound that is clearly audible more than 50 feet from the vehicle, except as follows: Any police vehicle, ambulance, fire engine or emergency vehicle while engaged in emergency or necessary public activities; or
Sound made to alert persons to the existence of an emergency, danger, or attempted crime, or for warning purposes authorized by law.
A person who violates this section is responsible for a civil infraction, subject to a civil fine of not more than fifty dollars ($50) and costs.



Overnight Parking Ordinance


There is no parking on City streets beginning November 1st through March 31st from 2AM - 6AM. Vehicles parked illegally during these times will be ticketed.



Parental Responsibility


CITY OF BRIDGMAN
COUNTY OF BERRIEN
STATE OF MICHIGAN


AN ORDINANCE TO ASSESS RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUPERVISION OF MINORS ORDINANCE NO. 159
An Ordinance to assess responsibility for the reasonable supervision of minors and to impose penalty for failure to comply herewith:
THE CITY OF BRIDGMAN ORDAINS
Section 1. Purpose.
This Chapter is declared necessary for the preservation of the public peace, health, safety, and welfare of the people of the City of Bridgman, and is intended to address situations where persons responsible for the care, supervision and well being of minors have failed to act responsibly and reasonably in the care, supervision and well being of said minor children, to the detriment of the general public.
Section 2. Definitions.
As used in this Chapter;
(a) Delinquent Act means an act which violates the laws of the United States, or the statutes of the state of Michigan or the ordinances of the City of Bridgman, or an act which would cause the minor to come under the jurisdiction of the juvenile division of the Probate Court as defined by MCLA 712A.2, but a civil infraction traffic violation shall not be considered a delinquent act under this Chapter.
(b) Minor means any unemancipated person under the age of seventeen (17) years.
(c) Responsible Person means mother, father, legal guardian, a person in loco parentis or any other person charged with the supervision, care or well being of a minor, or any person having the care or custody of a minor, or any person seventeen (17) years of age or older with whom the minor resides.
(d) Drugs means any controlled substance as defined now or hereafter by the Public Health Code for the State of Michigan. Currently, such substances are defined in Part 72 of the Public Health Code, being sections 333.7201 et seq., of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
Section 3. Duties.
(a) It is the continuous duty of the Responsible Person to exercise reasonable control to prevent the minor from committing any delinquent act.
(b) No Responsible Person shall fail to exercise reasonable control over such minor. The continuous duty to exercise reasonable control of any minor shall include, but is not limited to, the following:
(1) Keeping drugs out of the home and out of the possession of the minor, except those drugs duly prescribed by a licensed physician or other authorized medical professional.
(2) Keeping firearms out of the possession of the minor except those used for hunting in accordance with local ordinance and state law and with the knowledge and supervision of a Responsible Person.
(3) Requiring the minor to observe the curfew ordinance of the City of Bridgman.
(4) Requiring the minor to attend regular school sessions and forbidding the minor to be absent from class without parental or school permission.
(5) Arranging proper supervision for the minor when the Responsible Person must be absent.
(6) Preventing the minor from maliciously or willfully destroying any property which belongs to any other person.
(7) Forbidding the minor from possessing stolen property or possessing or consuming alcoholic beverages.
(8) Seeking help from appropriate governmental authorities or private agencies in handling or controlling the minor, when necessary.
(9) Assisting and cooperating with governmental authorities in their efforts to handle or control the minor, including production of the minor for juvenile court appointments and hearings.
Section 4. Aiding and Abetting Delinquent Acts.
Any person who shall by any act, omission, or by any word, procure, counsel, aid, abet, encourage, contribute toward, cause or tend to cause any minor to become delinquent so as to come under or tend to come under the jurisdiction of the juvenile division of the probate court, as defined in MCL 712A.2, whether or not such child shall in fact be adjudicated a ward of the probate court, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Section 5. Notification of Responsible Person; Record of Notification.
(a) Whenever a minor is arrested or detained for the commission of any delinquent act within the City of Bridgman, the Bridgman Police Department shall immediately attempt to notify the Responsible Person of such arrest or detention, the reason therefor, and the Responsible Party’s obligations under this Chapter.
(b) A record of such notification efforts shall be kept by the Bridgman Police Department.
Section 6. Penalties.
(a) Upon the first conviction for a violation of any provision of this Chapter, the Court shall impose a fine and/or a jail term as provided for in this Code and any other costs or fees permitted or required by law. In addition to such fine and/or jail term, the Court shall, unless it makes a specific finding that probation is inappropriate, exercise its authority to sentence the Defendant to a term of probation with such conditions as the Court deems appropriate. Such conditions may include participation in, and completion of, programs or therapies deemed appropriate by the Court in light of the facts of the particular case community service and/or work crew. Restitution shall also be required to make whole any victim or third party who has suffered financial loss in connection with the charged violation. Should the Court choose not to sentence the Defendant to a term of probation, or should the Court suspend all or any portion of a fine, costs or restitution assessed against the Defendant, the Court shall so state on the record and shall state the reason or reasons for its action. In addition to the penalties provided for in this subsection, the Court may also impose any penalties otherwise provided for by law.
(b) Upon the second or subsequent violation of any provision of this Chapter, the Court shall assess a fine of not less than two hundred dollars ($200) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500) in addition to any costs or fees permitted or required by law. In addition to such fines and costs, the Court may impose a jail sentence of up to ninety (90) days. The Court may in its discretion also impose any of the penalties provided for in subsection (a) of this section or otherwise permitted by law.
Section 7. Severability.
Should any section, subdivision, clause or phrase of this Chapter be declared by the courts to be invalid or unenforceable, such holding shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the Chapter as a whole or of any part thereof, other than such parts so invalidated or declared unenforceable.


Weko Beach Ordinance
WEKO BEACH PARK ORDINANCE


Section 6 - ANIMALS
It shall be unlawful for any person to permit any domestic animal to run at large in the park, nor shall any dog be allowed therein except on a leash. No animal shall be lead unto any portion of the sand beach along the lake front or the park. The riding or leading of horses and other riding animals is expressly prohibited anywhere in the park area including the roads and streets therein.